PITI Payments | PITI Calculator | Mortgage Investors Group

Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance - PITI Payments 


A monthly mortgage payment can be referred to as PITI, which has four components:

  • Principal
  • Interest
  • Taxes
  • Insurance

After obtaining a home loan, you back your principal balance over many years in the form of a monthly payment, which also includes some amount of interest. You will also likely pay property taxes and insurance as part of your monthly mortgage payment, which the lender puts into an escrow account to pay each year.

PITI is your entire monthly payment if you put down less than 20 percent on your home.

Principal, interest, taxes, and insurance - PITI payments image - MIG

Loan Principal

The loan amount is the principal balance. Your monthly mortgage payment typically includes some amount that goes toward your balance. Your principal will slowly go down as you make payments.

With most loans, the principal component of a PITI is very small at first, especially with a long-term 30-year mortgage. For the first few years of the loan, you pay little toward your balance. By the end of your loan, most of your payments go toward the balance.

Mortgage payment calculation - PITI payment - MIG calculator

Loan Interest

The interest component of your PITI is the rate we charge to extend the loan to you. The interest rate is complex, as it is determined by several factors, like the type of loan, the type of property, your location, the size of your down payment, current market conditions and your credit score.

With a fixed-rate loan, your interest rate is the same for the life of the loan. With an adjustable-rate mortgage, or ARM, the interest rate will periodically adjust to current market conditions.

For the first few years of your loan, interest is the largest component of your PITI payment.

Loan interest image - Calculating your mortgage loan interest - MIG

Property Taxes

City and state governments levy taxes on most purchases, including real estate purchases. Your tax portion of your payment is your local property tax. Lenders usually collect annual taxes from you in the form of a monthly addition to your mortgage payment, which is then used to pay local authorities.

Tax rates vary, based on where your home is located. You may have a higher tax bill if you buy in a high-end real estate market. Your tax component of your monthly payment may be large or small. The tax payments you make will be held in an impound account, or escrow account, which is used to pay your obligation.

How to calculate property taxes for your mortgage - Mortgage Investors Group

Homeowners Insurance

We want to make sure your home is protected in case you default. You will need homeowners insurance to protect our interest, and you may be required to get additional insurance like flood coverage. If you put down less than 20 percent on a conventional loan, you will also be required to pay private mortgage insurance (PMI), which will be added to your monthly payment.

You can use a PITI calculator to break down your monthly mortgage payment. Ask your us for an explanation of each component and how they will change year by year.

Homeowners insurance - What is homeowners insurance and how do I qualify? Mortgage Investors Group

Contact Us Today

Mortgage Investors Group, based in Tennessee, offers residential financing in a number of states in the southeast, See MIG Service Areas. Terms and conditions to apply to home financing. We want to share with you the loan terms vary based on several characteristics and your financial profile. These include but are not limited to loan program, loan purpose, occupancy, credit history, credit score, assets, and other criteria per loan type. The repayment terms and interest rate may vary from time to time. The terms represented here are based on certain assumptions outlined below and/or noted on the loan outline page. Additional details concerning privacy, program disclosures, licensing specifics may be found at migonline.com Legal Information.

MIG Loan Officers will help gather the information needed for an individual assessment to provide home financing which matches the loan characteristics with your home financing needs based on your financial profile, when you are ready to begin a full loan application. For estimates and general information before that step, the basis for which the mortgage financing information are as follows:
  • Rates are subject to change at any time.
  • Rate locks are available at current terms for 30 to 180 days based on program type, credit profile, property location, etc. which will affect the available rate and term.
  • Payments will vary based on program selection, current rates, property location, etc.
  • Not all programs are available in all states.
  • Some loan programs may not be available to first time home buyers.
  • Terms and conditions apply, which may include restrictions or limits per loan program.
  • Information is generally based on primary residence occupancy with no cash out when refinancing.
  • Unless otherwise stated, terms shown are estimates based in part on credit score of 700 or higher; owner occupancy, escrow account is established for taxes and insurance(s); debt-to-income ratio no higher than 43.0%; PMI applies to conventional loan programs over 80.0% LTV; VA,FHA & RD require insuring fees included in loan and/or payment; fixed rate, 30 year term.

An MIG Loan Officer is available to help with your financial details to determine which characteristics apply to your situation for a personalized look into which loan program best fits your home financing needs. Please use the Find a Loan Officer link or reach out to Mortgage Investors Group at 800-489-8910. Equal Housing Lender 1.2020